Before you can start to figure out how to eliminate a fingernails fungus infection, it is most important to understand the symptoms and indications that an infection is present. There are many different signs that you may have contracted a nail or toenail fungus infection and below are descriptions and brief explanations of the most common. First a quick description of the two most common types of toenail fungus infections:
– The fungus starts at the ends of the nail and slowly raises the nail up.
This is called distal subungal onychomycosis and is by far the most common type of fungal infection of the nails (90%). It usually starts as a discolored area at a corner of the big toe and slowly spreads toward the cuticle. This discoloration could be dark, “cloudy” or yellow. Eventually the toenail will become thickened and flaky. It is far more common in the toes than the fingers. High risk factors include older age, swimming, athlete’s foot, psoriasis, diabetes, family members with the infection, or a suppressed immune system. Sometimes, you can also see athlete’s foot in between the toes or skin peeling on the sole of the foot. If this skin fungus is present in and around the toes, the risk of contracting a toenail fungus infection skyrockets! It’s important to start treatment as close to this point as possible to eliminate a fingernails fungus infection as fast as possible…
– The fungus starts at the base of the nail and raises the nail up.
This is called proximal subungal onychomycosis and is the least common type of fungal nail infections (3%). It is similar to the distal type, but it starts at the cuticle (base of the nail) and slowly spreads toward the nail tip. This type almost always occurs in people with a damaged immune system. It is also less difficult to spot because the discoloration is less obvious when closer to the cuticle.
Primary Symptoms and Indicators of a Nail Fungus Infection
- The nail bed starts to lose its natural color in any way. Depending on the type of fungal infection, this discoloration could come in the form of small, yellowish dots, a milky or “cloudy” look to the nail bed or a dark spot or tone to a corner of the infected nail.
- The nail bed begins to look wavy and lose it’s normal shape. Sometimes, a nail will begin to form ridges and lose the smooth, flat surface as fungal agents begin to attack the area beneath the nail bed.
- Thickness and roughness of the nail will follow and at this point, it is without questions a nail fungus infection. At this point, it is absolutely critical to make an appointment with a podiatrist or medical professional to discuss treatment options.
- One of the most important steps to cure nail fungus is to attack the infection with treatment as soon as it is detected!